We also have Artisans in Venice creating beautiful works of art, they use fusing methods described above, as well as centuries old traditional methods known as lamp work. Special torch Murano glass rods are heated up to a pliable temperature then either wound around a metal mandrel to create delicate beads that are then decorated to add to their beauty or blown into beautiful intense coloured shapes, finished with silver and gold leaf creating majestic jewellery pieces resplendent in their rich colours.
History and background of Italian Murano Glass
The origins of glass making in Venice are said to date back to the 9th century , in the 13th century to protect the city of Venice from fire risk fearing the then mostly wooden buildings would be destroyed, the glass furnaces were all moved to Murano. Its governments at that time placed many restrictions on employees to protect the glass blowers methods. This in part, due to the close competition in different glass makers, led to the development of the high quality exquisite glass ornaments and jewellery we know today.
Fused glass is made by building up glass in layers , often starting with a base of coloured glass, then gold or silver and other smaller pieces of glass are layered on top, before a final layer of clear glass. Some times millefiori, meaning a thousand flowers are used in the designs as well as Avventurina(copper crystals) to create dazzling designs. Once the fusing process has taken place in the furnace the glass is cut or finished and polished